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Animals (Basel). 2020 Jan 31;10(2). pii: E230. doi: 10.3390/ani10020230.

Occurrence of BVDV Infection and the Presence of Potential Risk Factors in Dairy Cattle Herds in Poland.

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Division of Infectious Diseases of Animals and Veterinary Administration, Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Birds and Exotic Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 45, 50-366 Wroclaw, Poland.
Division of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Street 159c, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.
All-Russian Veterinary Research Institute of Pathology, Pharmacology and Therapy, Lomonosova Street 114 b, 394087 Voronezh, Russia.
Boehringer Ingelheim RCV GmbH & Co KG, Animal Health, Dr. Boehringer-Gasse 5-11, 1121 Wien, Austria.


The aim of the study was to analyze the risk factors of BVDV infection, in different regions of Poland, with respect to certain parameters of animal health, including productivity, herd management practices, the presence of BVDV, and the effect of non-vaccination. A total of 354 cattle herds were estimated and linked to the analysis of the different factors that might be correlated with productive results. The presence of antibodies against BVDV was found in 33.3% of examined herds, and the heterogenous distribution of BVDV-positive herds in all regions of Poland (p = 0.001) was confirmed. We found statistical correlations between BVDV infection and pasture (p = 0.004) and the number of grazing animals (p < 0.001), and also the purchase of animals for replacement (p = 0.004) was observed. Production or clear clinical outcomes potentially linked to BVDV infection in the herd have not been observed. The results of this study indicate that the rate of BVDV infection was most strongly correlated with the geographical location of the examined cattle populations in Poland. The second most significant factors were the grazing of animals and the purchasing of new animals to be introduced to herds. The strengthened procedures of management, as well as the implementation of eradication programs, should be considered in the examined herds.


BVDV; dairy cattle; risk factors

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