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Materials (Basel). 2016 Jan 29;9(2). pii: E88. doi: 10.3390/ma9020088.

Effect of Mn and Fe on the Formation of Fe- and Mn-Rich Intermetallics in Al-5Mg-Mn Alloys Solidified Under Near-Rapid Cooling.

Author information

1
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. ylliu@sau.edu.cn.
2
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. grhuang2014@sina.com.
3
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. ymengsun@sina.com.
4
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. zhangli@sau.edu.cn.
5
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. zwhuang@sau.edu.cn.
6
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. wangjijie@sau.edu.cn.
7
Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Light Alloys and Processing Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China. czliu@sau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Mn was an important alloying element used in Al-Mg-Mn alloys. However, it had to be limited to a low level (<1.0 wt %) to avoid the formation of coarse intermetallics. In order to take full advantage of the benefits of Mn, research was carried out to investigate the possibility of increasing the content of Mn by studying the effect of cooling rate on the formation of Fe- and Mn-rich intermetallics at different content levels of Mn and Fe. The results indicated that in Al-5Mg-Mn alloy with low Fe content (<0.1 wt %), intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) was small in size and amount. With increasing Mn content, intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) increased, but in limited amount. In high-Fe-containing Al-5Mg-Mn alloys (0.5 wt % Fe), intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) became the dominant phase, even in the alloy with low Mn content (0.39 wt %). Cooling rate played a critical role in the refinement of the intermetallics. Under near-rapid cooling, intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) was extremely refined. Even in the high Mn and/or high-Fe-containing alloys, it still demonstrated fine Chinese script structures. However, once the alloy composition passed beyond the eutectic point, the primary intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) phase displayed extremely coarse platelet-like morphology. Increasing the content of Fe caused intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) to become the primary phase at a lower Mn content.

KEYWORDS:

aluminum alloy; casting; intermetallics; phase transformation; rapid solidification

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