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Sci Total Environ. 2019 May 1;663:944-949. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.398. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Anthropic space and design for all. New knowledge paths for urban planning strategies.

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Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste 34127, Italy. Electronic address:
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Sciences, University of Palermo, Palermo 90128, Italy. Electronic address:
Community Welfare Area, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Palmanova, Udine 33100, Italy. Electronic address:


Nowadays city environment shows the presence of a mixed variety of elements, as natural, semi natural and anthropic components that build up both structure and connections of the urban context. This specific structure shapes and directs space and its functions strictly connected with their sustainable potential uses and sustainable development opportunities. The lack of rules and proper planning methods produces inefficient use conditions by resident citizens, entropy, functions' reduction of ecological networks and deep environmental impacts. The consequence comes out to be a great widespread life quality decrease in urban areas. These thoughts lead the authors to rethink the definition first and then the place concept own interpretation, as a theoretical reference approach and in a particular way of the urban place, as an anthropic action useful in a multidimensional relationship analysis. Based on these considerations, the aim of the paper is that to introduce design for all as an efficient and effective planning action tool able to get sustainable operating strategies to match both people needs and urban system quality of life protection and enhancement in a long term timeline analysis.


Design for all; Ecosystem services network; Planning strategies; Quality of life; Sustainability; Urban environment

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