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Nutrients. 2020 Feb 14;12(2). pii: E485. doi: 10.3390/nu12020485.

Food Consumed by High School Students during the School Day.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain.
2
Department of Sociology, Social Work and Public Health, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain.
3
Safety and Health Postgraduate Programme, Universidad Espíritu Santo, 092301 Guayaquil, Ecuador.
4
Department of Pedagogy, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain.
5
Doctoral Programme, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain.

Abstract

The development of healthy eating habits in adolescence is perceived as an effective strategy to avoid health problems in adulthood. The involvement of educational centres' governing boards, as well as the Educational State and Regional Administrations', may be necessary to create healthy food environments during the school day. The objective of this study is to identify the relationship between students' eating habits during the school day and sociodemographic, family and physical activity variables, as well as the existence of a school cafeteria. For this, a cross-sectional study in a stratified random sample of 8068 students of Public Secondary Education High Schools of Andalusia (Spain) has been carried out. The results show that students who are 14 years old or older are more likely to skip breakfast at home (odds ratio (OR): 1.81, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.55-2.12) than those under this age. Students whose mothers do not have a university education are more likely to consume incomplete breakfasts (OR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.26-2.65). Snacks with sweets (OR: 1.93, 95% CI: 1.67-2.23), candy in general (OR: 2.75, 95% CI: 2.38-3.19), and bagged crisps (OR: 3.06, 95% CI: 2.65-3.54) were more likely to be consumed in schools with a cafeteria. The factors that significantly influence the eating habits of secondary students in Andalusia include age, sex, parental level of education, physical activity and the existence of a cafeteria.

KEYWORDS:

adolescent; breakfast; nutrition; school

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