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Econ Hum Biol. 2016 Sep;22:14-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ehb.2016.02.005. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Economic cycles and child mortality: A cross-national study of the least developed countries.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Economics (Economic Policy), University of Malaga, Campus El Ejido, E-29071 Malaga, Spain. Electronic address: sperezmoreno@uma.es.
2
PhD candidate, PhD Program in Economics and Business, University of Malaga, Campus El Ejido, E-29071 Malaga, Spain. Electronic address: c.blancoarana@uma.es.
3
Department of Applied Economics (Statistics and Econometrics), University of Malaga, Campus El Ejido, E-29071 Malaga, Spain. Electronic address: barcenae@uma.es.

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of growth and recession periods on child mortality in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) during the period 1990-2010. We provide empirical evidence of uneven effects of variations in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita on the evolution of child mortality rate in periods of economic recession and expansion. A decrease in GDP per capita entails a significant rise in child mortality rates, whereas an increase does not affect child mortality significantly. In this context, official development assistance seems to play a crucial role in counteracting the increment in child mortality rates in recession periods, at least in those LDCs receiving greater aid.

KEYWORDS:

Child mortality; Growth; LDCs; Recession

PMID:
26998938
DOI:
10.1016/j.ehb.2016.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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