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Membranes (Basel). 2012 Mar 2;2(1):134-97. doi: 10.3390/membranes2010134.

Light responsive polymer membranes: a review.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università della Calabria, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy. nicolett@unical.it.
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università della Calabria, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy. dcupelli@unical.it.
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università della Calabria, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy. formoso@unical.it.
4
Department of Chemistry, Università della Calabria, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy. defilpo@unical.it.
5
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università della Calabria, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy. colella.va@libero.it.
6
Institute on Membrane Technology-National Council Research, ITM-CNR, I-87030 Rende (CS), Italy. a.gugliuzza@itm.cnr.it.

Abstract

In recent years, stimuli responsive materials have gained significant attention in membrane separation processes due to their ability to change specific properties in response to small external stimuli, such as light, pH, temperature, ionic strength, pressure, magnetic field, antigen, chemical composition, and so on. In this review, we briefly report recent progresses in light-driven materials and membranes. Photo-switching mechanisms, valved-membrane fabrication and light-driven properties are examined. Advances and perspectives of light responsive polymer membranes in biotechnology, chemistry and biology areas are discussed.

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