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Sci Pharm. 2017 Apr 28;85(2). pii: E22. doi: 10.3390/scipharm85020022.

Evaluation of Rational Drug Use for Acute Pharyngitis Associated with the Incidence and Prevalence of the Disease at Two Community Health Centers in Indonesia.

Author information

1
Pharmacology-Clinical Pharmacy Research Group, School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia. cindra@fa.itb.ac.id.
2
Pharmacology-Clinical Pharmacy Research Group, School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia. kusnandar@fa.itb.ac.id.
3
School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia. alfi@s.itb.ac.id.

Abstract

According to Indonesia's Result of Basic Health Research of 2013, prevalence of acute respiratory infection in 2007 and 2013 were not significantly different (25.5% and 25.0%, respectively). Identifying the cause of acute pharyngitis is a key point in determining the optimal treatment. The main purpose is to evaluate the rational use of drugs and its irrational impact as well as the correlation of the drug use with the incidence and prevalence of acute pharyngitis. This study was a descriptive and observational study, carried out retrospectively and concurrently at two community health centers located in Bandung and Cimahi, Indonesia. There was overprescription of antibiotics in 80.01% of prescription cases, with a total of 8.98% being non-treatment option, and 62.43% being irrational use of corticosteroids. The incidence and prevalence of acute pharyngitis at one health center in Bandung were 2.45% and 2.31%, respectively, with an irrationality rate of 83.82%. Those recorded at one health center in Cimahi were 2.11% incidence and 2.00% prevalence with an irrational rate of 91.29%. It can be concluded that there is still an irrational use of medicines in the treatment of acute pharyngitis in community health centers. The higher incidence and prevalence might indicate the declining quality of health services.

KEYWORDS:

acute pharyngitis; incidence; prevalence; rational use of drugs

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