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Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Dec 15;18(24):8512-29. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2010.10.036. Epub 2010 Oct 21.

High-throughput identification of antibacterials against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and the transglycosylase.

Author information

1
Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, 128 Sec 2 Academia Road, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan. Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, 128 Sec 2 Academia Road, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan.

Abstract

To identify new transglycosylase inhibitors with potent anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activities, a high-throughput screening against Staphylococcus aureus was conducted to look for antibacterial cores in our 2M compound library that consists of natural products, proprietary collection, and synthetic molecules. About 3600 hits were identified from the primary screening and the subsequent confirmation resulted in a total of 252 compounds in 84 clusters which showed anti-MRSA activities with MIC values as low as 0.1 μg/ml. Subsequent screening targeting bacterial transglycosylase identified a salicylanilide-based core that inhibited the lipid II polymerization and the moenomycin-binding activities of transglycosylase. Among the collected analogues, potent inhibitors with the IC(50) values below 10 μM against transglycosylase were identified. The non-carbonhydrate scaffold reported in this study suggests a new direction for development of bacterial transglycosylase inhibitors.

PMID:
21075637
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2010.10.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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