Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Brain Sci. 2017 Oct 26;7(11). pii: E140. doi: 10.3390/brainsci7110140.

Self-Injury in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Exploring the Role of Reactivity to Pain and Sensory Input.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada. jane.summers@camh.ca.
2
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. jane.summers@camh.ca.
3
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. ali.shahrami@camh.ca.
4
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. stefanie.cali@camh.ca.
5
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. chantelle.dmello@camh.ca.
6
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. milena.kako@camh.ca.
7
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. andjelka.palikucinreljin@camh.ca.
8
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. melissa.savage@camh.ca.
9
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. olivia.shaw@camh.ca.
10
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada. yona.lunsky@camh.ca.
11
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada. yona.lunsky@camh.ca.

Abstract

This paper provides information about the prevalence and topography of self-injurious behavior in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Dominant models regarding the etiology of self-injury in this population are reviewed, with a focus on the role of reactivity to pain and sensory input. Neuroimaging studies are presented and suggestions are offered for future research.

KEYWORDS:

autism spectrum disorder; intellectual disability; pain; self-injury; sensory processing abnormalities

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center