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Materials (Basel). 2019 Sep 29;12(19). pii: E3199. doi: 10.3390/ma12193199.

Modeling and Characterization of a Kinetic Energy Harvesting Device Based on Galfenol.

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Department of Energy, Systems, Territory and Construction Engineering, University of Pisa, 56122 Pisa, Italy.
Department of Engineering, University of Sannio, 82100 Benevento, Italy.


The proposal of Energy Harvesting (EH) techniques and devices has experienced a significant growth over the last years, because of the spread of low power electronic devices. Small ambient energy quantities can be recovered through EH and exploited to power Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) used, for example, for the Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridges or viaducts. For this purpose, research on EH devices based on magnetostrictive materials has significantly grown in the last years. However, these devices comprise different parts, such as a mechanical system, magnetic circuit and electrical connections, which are coupled together. Then, a method able to reproduce the performance may be a handy tool. This paper presents a nonlinear equivalent circuit of a harvester, based on multiple rods of Galfenol, which can be solved with standard circuit simulator. The circuital parameters are identified with measurements both on one rod and on the whole device. The validation of the circuit and the analysis of the power conversion performance of the device have been conducted with different working conditions (force profile, typology of permanent magnets, resistive electrical load).


Galfenol; energy harvesting; magnetostrictive materials

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