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J Funct Biomater. 2018 Oct 19;9(4). pii: E58. doi: 10.3390/jfb9040058.

The Use of Some Clay Minerals as Natural Resources for Drug Carrier Applications.

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche, Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17, 90128 Palermo, Italy. marina.massaro@unipa.it.
2
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche, Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17, 90128 Palermo, Italy. carmelogiuseppe.colletti@unipa.it.
3
Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica (DiFC), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17, 90128 Palermo, Italy. giuseppe.lazzara@unipa.it.
4
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche, Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17, 90128 Palermo, Italy. serena.riela@unipa.it.

Abstract

The goal of modern research is to use environmentally preferable materials. In this context, clay minerals are emerging candidates for their bio- and ecocompatibility, low cost and natural availability. Clay minerals present different morphologies according to their layer arrangements. The use of clay minerals, especially in biomedical applications is known from ancient times and they are regaining attention in recent years. The most representative clay minerals are kaolinit, montmorillonite, sepiolites and halloysite. This review summarizes some clay minerals and their derivatives for application as nanocontainer for biologically active species.

KEYWORDS:

clay minerals; drug carrier; halloysite

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