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Sci Total Environ. 2018 Jun 15;627:438-449. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.211. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Using moss and lichens in biomonitoring of heavy-metal contamination of forest areas in southern and north-eastern Poland.

Author information

1
Independent Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland. Electronic address: aklos@uni.opole.pl.
2
Independent Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland. Electronic address: ziembik@uni.opole.pl.
3
Independent Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland. Electronic address: mrajfur@o2.pl.
4
Independent Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland. Electronic address: agna@uni.opole.pl.
5
Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, Z. Modzelewskiego 27, 02-679 Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address: zbigniew.bochenek@igik.edu.pl.
6
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research - NINA, FRAM - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, PO Box 6606 Langnes, NO-9296 Tromsø, Norway. Electronic address: jarle.bjerke@nina.no.
7
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research - NINA, FRAM - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, PO Box 6606 Langnes, NO-9296 Tromsø, Norway. Electronic address: hans.tommervik@nina.no.
8
Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, Department of Geoinformatics, Cartography and Remote Sensing, University of Warsaw, Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address: bogdan@uw.edu.pl.
9
Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, Z. Modzelewskiego 27, 02-679 Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address: dariusz.ziolkowski@igik.edu.pl.
10
Independent Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, Poland.

Abstract

In the years 2014-2016 biomonitoring studies were conducted in the forest areas of south and north-eastern Poland: the Karkonosze Mountains, the Beskidy Mountains, the Borecka Forest, the Knyszyńska Forest and the Białowieska Forest. This study used epigeic moss Pleurozium schreberi and epiphytic lichens Hypogymnia physodes. Samples were collected in spring, summer and autumn. Approximately 500 samples of moss and lichens were collected for the study. In the samples, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg and Pb concentrations were determined. Based on the obtained results, the studied areas were ranked by extent of heavy-metal deposition: Beskidy > Karkonosze Mountains > forests of north-eastern Poland. Some seasonal changes in concentrations of metals accumulated in moss and lichens were also indicated. There was observed, i.a., an increase in Cd concentration at the beginning of the growing season, which may be related to low emissions during the heating season. Analysis of the surface distribution of deposition of metals in the studied areas showed a significant contribution of nearby territorial emissions and unidentified local emission sources. The contribution of distant emission to Zn, Hg and Pb deposition levels in the Karkonosze and Beskidy region was also indicated.

KEYWORDS:

Biomonitoring; Forests; Heavy metals; Lichens; Moss

PMID:
29426166
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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