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J Hypertens. 2001 Aug;19(8):1465-72.

Effects of angiotensin II subtype 1 receptor blockade on cardiac fibrosis and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ handling in hypertensive transgenic rats overexpressing the Ren2 gene.

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1
Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Benjamin Franklin Hospital, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We evaluated the effects of angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonism on cardiac fibrosis and sarcoplasmic (SR) Ca2+ handling in a transgenic rat model of renin-dependent left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH).

METHODS:

Hypertensive transgenic rats overexpressing the Ren2 gene (TGR(mRen2)27) were treated between 10 and 30 weeks of age with the angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, eprosartan, in an antihypertensive (Ren2-E60, 60 mg/kg per day) and a non-antihypertensive (Ren2-E6, 6 mg/kg per day) dose applied intraperitoneally via osmotic-mini-pumps. They were compared to age-matched Ren2 and Sprague-Dawley (SD) control rats receiving 0.9% NaCl as vehicle via osmotic mini-pumps (Ren2-Vehicle, SD-Vehicle, respectively).

RESULTS:

Systolic blood pressure (SBP), LV weight, LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), and cardiac fibrosis were elevated in Ren2-Vehicle, while diastolic function (-dP/dt(max)) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ uptake were decreased in Ren2-Vehicle compared to SD-Vehicle (P < 0.05, respectively). SBP was not altered in Ren2-E6, but reduced to normotensive levels in Ren2-E60 compared to Ren2-Vehicle and SD-Vehicle (P < 0.0001). In both Ren2-E6 and Ren2-E60, LV weights were reduced and LVEDP and -dP/dt(max)normalized compared to Ren2-Vehicle (P < 0.05). SR Ca2+ uptake was normalized in both Ren2-E6 and Ren2-E60. Cardiac fibrosis did not change in Ren2-E6, but perivascular LV fibrosis and hydroxyprolin content were reduced in Ren2-E60 compared to Ren2-Vehicle (P < 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Normalization of LV SR Ca2+ uptake is an important mechanism by which AT1 receptor antagonism improves LV diastolic dysfunction independent from a reduction of SBP and cardiac fibrosis in the TGR (mRen2)27 model.

PMID:
11518855
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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