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PLoS One. 2019 Apr 24;14(4):e0214474. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214474. eCollection 2019.

Mapping Europe into local climate zones.

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Department of Environment, Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Management, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Department of Geography, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
Kode VOF, Ghent, Belgium.
Institute of Geography, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
School of Arts, Media and Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America.
School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America.
Urban Climate Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America.
School of Geography, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.


Cities are major drivers of environmental change at all scales and are especially at risk from the ensuing effects, which include poor air quality, flooding and heat waves. Typically, these issues are studied on a city-by-city basis owing to the spatial complexity of built landscapes, local topography and emission patterns. However, to ensure knowledge sharing and to integrate local-scale processes with regional and global scale modelling initiatives, there is a pressing need for a world-wide database on cities that is suited for environmental studies. In this paper we present a European database that has a particular focus on characterising urbanised landscapes. It has been derived using tools and techniques developed as part of the World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT) project, which has the goal of acquiring and disseminating climate-relevant information on cities worldwide. The European map is the first major step toward creating a global database on cities that can be integrated with existing topographic and natural land-cover databases to support modelling initiatives.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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