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J Public Health Policy. 2016 May;37(2):190-9. doi: 10.1057/jphp.2016.2. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

Social world of organ transplantation, trafficking, and policies.

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Department of Sociology, University of Connecticut, Unit 1068, 344 Mansfield Road, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.


Although success of organ transplants reflects advances in medical procedures, the success has generated debates about the ethical standards and policies that govern transplants, especially the acquisition of organs for transplants. We focus on laws, policies, and organ trafficking to highlight the interdisciplinary perspectives that can shape our understanding of transplantation as a social phenomenon. We discuss international policies and country-specific legislation from Pakistan to point to gaps and their implications for protecting vulnerable people who are exploited for organ removal. International collaboration and the legal framework need to be strengthened to fight the menace globally and to deal with the cases of organ trafficking within the legal ambit of human trafficking so that the rights of victims are upheld by states, justice systems, and ultimately medical establishments and practitioners.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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