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Materials (Basel). 2018 Mar 22;11(4). pii: E479. doi: 10.3390/ma11040479.

Corrosion Development of Carbon Steel Grids and Shear Connectors in Cracked Composite Beams Exposed to Wet-Dry Cycles in Chloride Environment.

Author information

1
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China. xuewen@zust.edu.cn.
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. cecj@zju.edu.cn.
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. sophia.f.xu@polyu.edu.hk.
4
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China. sophia.f.xu@polyu.edu.hk.
5
Department of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. ijstructe@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

The corrosion development of the reinforcement and shear stud connectors in the cracked steel-concrete composite beams under the salt-fog wet-dry cycles is presented in this investigation. Seven identical composite beams with load-induced concrete cracks were exposed to an aggressive chloride environment. The reinforcement and shear connectors were retrieved after specimens underwent a specified number of wet-dry cycles to obtain the corrosion pattern and the cross-section loss at different exposure times and their evolutions. The crack map, the corrosion pattern and the cross-section loss were measured and presented. Based on the experimental results, the influence of crack characteristics, including crack widths, orientations and positions on the corrosion rate and distribution, were accessed. Moreover, the effects of the connecting weldments on the corrosion initiations and patterns were analyzed. It was shown that the corrosion rate would increase with the number of wet-dry cycles. The characteristics of load-induced cracks could have different influences on the steel grids and shear stud connectors. The corrosion tended to initiate from the connecting weldments, due to the potential difference with the parent steel and the aggressive exposure environment, leading to a preferential weldment attack.

KEYWORDS:

chloride; corrosion; crack; cross-section loss; pitting; reinforcement; shear connectors

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