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Materials (Basel). 2019 Apr 17;12(8). pii: E1260. doi: 10.3390/ma12081260.

Phase Change Materials for Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Their Use in Mortars.

Author information

1
Innovation Engineering Department, University of Salento, Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. mariaenrica.frigione@unisalento.it.
2
Institute of Archaeological Heritage-Monuments and Sites, CNR⁻IBAM, Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. mariateresa.lettieri@cnr.it.
3
Innovation Engineering Department, University of Salento, Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. antonella.sarcinella@unisalento.it.

Abstract

The construction industry is responsible for consuming large amounts of energy. The development of new materials with the purpose of increasing the thermal efficiency of buildings is, therefore, becoming, imperative. Thus, during the last decades, integration of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) into buildings has gained interest. Such materials can reduce the temperature variations, leading to an improvement in human comfort and decreasing at the same time the energy consumption of buildings, due to their capability to absorb and release energy from/in the environment. In the present paper, recent experimental studies dealing with mortars or concrete-containing PCMs, used as passive building systems, have been examined. This review is mainly aimed at providing information on the currently investigated materials and the employed methodologies for their manufacture, as well as at summarizing the results achieved so far on this subject.

KEYWORDS:

building materials; concrete; mortar; passive building systems; phase change material (PCM); thermal energy storage (TES)

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