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Materials (Basel). 2018 Aug 13;11(8). pii: E1420. doi: 10.3390/ma11081420.

Application of Aluminium Flakes in Fabrication of Open-Cell Aluminium Foams by Space Holder Method.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Manufacturing Technology, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece. ipapantwniou@gmail.com.
2
Laboratory of Manufacturing Technology, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece. amark@mail.ntua.gr.
3
Shipbuilding Technology Laboratory, School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece. pantelis@central.ntua.gr.
4
Laboratory of Manufacturing Technology, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens, Greece. manolako@central.ntua.gr.

Abstract

In the current study, a first attempt at using aluminum flakes for the manufacture of open-cell aluminum foams with the space holder method is presented. The method involves powder mixing, compaction, leaching, and sintering processes. Saccharose particles were used as space holders, and multiple parameters were investigated to optimize the manufacturing processing route in order to produce high-quality open-cell aluminum foams with a simple, economic, and environmentally friendly method. The implementation of aluminum flakes leads to foams with 80 vol.% porosity, an excellent internal open-cell porous structure, low green compaction pressures, and does not require the use of binding additives.

KEYWORDS:

aluminum flakes; aluminum foam; metal foam; saccharose particles; space holder method

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