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Sensors (Basel). 2020 Jan 15;20(2). pii: E488. doi: 10.3390/s20020488.

Survey on Wireless Technology Trade-Offs for the Industrial Internet of Things.

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IDLab, Department of Information Technology, Ghent University-imec, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
IDLab, Department of Computer Science, University of Antwerp-imec, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium.


Aside from vast deployment cost reduction, Industrial Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks (IWSAN) introduce a new level of industrial connectivity. Wireless connection of sensors and actuators in industrial environments not only enables wireless monitoring and actuation, it also enables coordination of production stages, connecting mobile robots and autonomous transport vehicles, as well as localization and tracking of assets. All these opportunities already inspired the development of many wireless technologies in an effort to fully enable Industry 4.0. However, different technologies significantly differ in performance and capabilities, none being capable of supporting all industrial use cases. When designing a network solution, one must be aware of the capabilities and the trade-offs that prospective technologies have. This paper evaluates the technologies potentially suitable for IWSAN solutions covering an entire industrial site with limited infrastructure cost and discusses their trade-offs in an effort to provide information for choosing the most suitable technology for the use case of interest. The comparative discussion presented in this paper aims to enable engineers to choose the most suitable wireless technology for their specific IWSAN deployment.


BLE Long Range; Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE); IEEE 802.11ah; ISA100.11a; Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT); LoRa; Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT); Time Slotted Channel Hopping (TSCH); WiFi HaLow; WirelessHART

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