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Methods Protoc. 2018 Oct 29;1(4). pii: E39. doi: 10.3390/mps1040039.

Review of Biomedical Applications of Contactless Imaging of Neonates Using Infrared Thermography and Beyond.

Author information

1
Biomedical Engineering Division, University of Saskatchewan, Campus Dr 9, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A5, Canada. aba658@mail.usask.ca.
2
Section of Neonatology, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1E2, Canada. yethawi@hsc.mb.ca.
3
Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 1C9, Canada. georg.schmoelzer@me.com.
4
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6, Canada. Sherif.Sherif@umanitoba.ca.
5
Section of Neonatology, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1E2, Canada. mnarvey@hsc.mb.ca.
6
Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3A 1S1, Canada. mseshia@hsc.mb.ca.

Abstract

The sick preterm infant monitoring is an intriguing job that medical staff in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) must deal with on a daily basis. As a standards monitoring procedure, preterm infants are monitored via sensors and electrodes that are firmly attached to their fragile and delicate skin and connected to processing monitors. However, an alternative exists in contactless imaging to record such physiological signals (we call it as Physio-Markers), detecting superficial changes and internal structures activities which can be used independently of, or aligned with, conventional monitors. Countless advantages can be gained from unobtrusive monitoring not limited to: (1) quick data generation; (2) decreasing physical and direct contact with skin, which reduces skin breakdown and minimizes risk of infection; and (3) reduction of electrodes and probes connected to clinical monitors and attached to the skin, which allows greater body surface-area for better care. This review is an attempt to build a solid ground for and to provide a clear perspective of the potential clinical applications of technologies inside NICUs that use contactless imaging modalities such as Visible Light Imaging (VLI), Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS), and Infrared Thermography (IRT).

KEYWORDS:

near-infrared; neonatal imaging; optical coherence tomography; physio-features, infrared thermography; preterm infants, NICU; short-wave infrared; tissue optics; visible light

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