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COPD. 2020 Feb;17(1):40-48. doi: 10.1080/15412555.2019.1695247. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Sleep Quality and Nocturnal Symptoms in a Community-Based COPD Cohort.

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Leon Judah Blackmore Sleep Disorders Program, UBC Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Respiratory Divisions, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Canadian Sleep and Circadian Network (CSCN), Montreal, QC, Canada.
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.


Small studies have suggested that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have poor sleep quality. Our aim was to examine the prevalence of subjective sleep-related complaints and predictors of poor sleep quality in a large community-based COPD cohort. We analyzed cross-sectional data on sleep questionnaire responses from the Canadian Cohort of Obstructive Lung Disease (CanCOLD) study, a population-based, prospective longitudinal cohort study across Canada. The cohort comprises a COPD group and two matched non-COPD (never-smokers and ever-smokers) groups. Sleep-related symptoms were assessed using questionnaires including Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). A total score of PSQI > 5 is indicative of poor sleep quality. Health-related quality of life measures and the presence of mood disturbance were assessed using Short Form-36™ Health Survey (SF-36) multi-item questionnaires and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), respectively. Predictors of poor sleep quality were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Of the 1123 subjects, 263 were healthy controls, 323 at-risk controls, and 537 had COPD (297 had mild, 240 with moderate to severe disease). The mean PSQI score was not significantly different between groups. COPD patients with poor sleep quality had lower diffusion capacity, higher HADS anxiety and depression scores and lower SF-36 mental and physical component summary scores than COPD patients classified as good sleepers. The presence of restless legs and obstructive sleep apnea symptoms, waist circumference, predicted diffusion capacity and HADS anxiety and depression scores were identified as independent predictors of poor sleep quality.


COPD; cohort; epidemiology study; sleep quality

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