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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 May 15;15(5). pii: E991. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15050991.

The Mediating Effect of Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy on the Association between Self-Esteem and School Bullying in Middle School Students: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. wangxiaoqin@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.
2
Department of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. zymoon95@126.com.
3
Department of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. huizhaozhao93@163.com.
4
Xi'an Tieyi High School, Xi'an 710061, China. baiwanyue17@163.com.
5
Department of Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, TN 37920, USA. pterry@utmck.edu.
6
Nursing Department, Xian Yang Central Hospital, Xianyang 712000, China. wysun201314195@163.com.
7
Department of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. leeyangcherry@163.com.
8
Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin 999077, Hong Kong, China. lilycheng@link.cuhk.edu.hk.
9
Department of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. 232guwei@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.
10
Department of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an 710061, China. wangmx601@mail.xjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

School bullying is negatively associated with self-esteem, but psychological mediators of bullying have yet to be clarified. We examined regulatory emotional self-efficacy (RESE) as a possible mediator in the association between self-esteem and school bullying. A cross-sectional study of 995 adolescents was conducted in two middle schools of Xi'an. All of the participants completed the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale (RESE). Descriptive statistics analysis, the bias corrected percentile Bootstrap CI method, and structural equation modelling were used to analyze the data. The results showed that 418 students (42.0%) reported that they were involved in school bullying in the past year. Self-esteem was negatively associated with school bullying (total effect: β = -0.275, 95% CI = -0.381⁻-0.034), and RESE mediated the association between self-esteem and school bullying (indirect effect: β = -0.136, 95% CI = -0.245⁻-0.037). Furthermore, self-esteem had an indirect effect through perceived self-efficacy in managing negative affect, while self-esteem had no indirect effect through self-efficacy in the expression of positive affect. The present study suggests that school authorities and the related education departments should not only focus on improving students' self-esteem, but should also pay more attention to students' RESE, in order to mitigate, and potentially reduce, the occurrence of bullying.

KEYWORDS:

mediating effect; regulatory emotional self-efficacy; school bullying; self-esteem

PMID:
29762464
PMCID:
PMC5982030
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph15050991
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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