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J Healthc Eng. 2018 Jun 13;2018:5341394. doi: 10.1155/2018/5341394. eCollection 2018.

Application of Operational Research Techniques in Operating Room Scheduling Problems: Literature Overview.

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Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kırıkkale University, 71450 Kırıkkale, Turkey.


Increased healthcare costs are pushing hospitals to reduce costs and increase the quality of care. Operating rooms are the most important source of income and expense for hospitals. Therefore, the hospital management focuses on the effectiveness of schedules and plans. This study includes analyses of recent research on operating room scheduling and planning. Most studies in the literature, from 2000 to the present day, were evaluated according to patient characteristics, performance measures, solution techniques used in the research, the uncertainty of the problem, applicability of the research, and the planning strategy to be dealt within the solution. One hundred seventy studies were examined in detail, after scanning the Emerald, Science Direct, JSTOR, Springer, Taylor and Francis, and Google Scholar databases. To facilitate the identification of these studies, they are grouped according to the different criteria of concern and then, a detailed overview is presented.

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