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Nanomaterials (Basel). 2018 Jun 10;8(6). pii: E421. doi: 10.3390/nano8060421.

Interfacial Model and Characterization for Nanoscale ReB₂/TaN Multilayers at Desired Modulation Period and Ratios: First-Principles Calculations and Experimental Investigations.

Jin S1,2, Li D3,4.

Author information

1
College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China. jinshangxiao@126.com.
2
Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, Tianjin 300387, China. jinshangxiao@126.com.
3
College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China. dejunli@tjnu.edu.cn.
4
Tianjin International Joint Research Centre of Surface Technology for Energy Storage Materials, Tianjin 300387, China. dejunli@tjnu.edu.cn.

Abstract

The interfacial structure of ReB₂/TaN multilayers at varied modulation periods (Λ) and modulation ratios (tReB2:tTaN) was investigated using key experiments combined with first-principles calculations. A maximum hardness of 38.7 GPa occurred at Λ = 10 nm and tReB2:tTaN = 1:1. The fine nanocrystalline structure with small grain sizes remained stable for individual layers at Λ= 10 nm and tReB2:tTaN = 1:1. The calculation of the interfacial structure model and interfacial energy was performed using the first principles to advance the in-depth understanding of the relationship between the mechanical properties, residual stresses, and the interfacial structure. The B-Ta interfacial configuration was calculated to have the highest adsorption energy and the lowest interfacial energy. The interfacial energy and adsorption energy at different tReB2:tTaN followed the same trend as that of the residual stress. The 9ReB₂/21TaN interfacial structure in the B-Ta interfacial configuration was found to be the most stable interface in which the highest adsorption energy and the lowest interfacial energy were obtained. The chemical bonding between the neighboring B atom and the Ta atom in the interfaces showed both covalency and iconicity, which provided a theoretical interpretation of the relationship between the residual stress and the stable interfacial structure of the ReB₂/TaN multilayer.

KEYWORDS:

ReB2/TaN multilayers; adsorption energy; first-principles calculation; interfacial energy; interfacial model; modulation structure

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