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Sensors (Basel). 2018 Nov 6;18(11). pii: E3798. doi: 10.3390/s18113798.

Indoor Air Quality Real-Time Monitoring in Airport Terminal Areas: An Opportunity for Sustainable Management of Micro-Climatic Parameters.

Author information

1
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering-DICAM, University of Bologna, via Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy. sara.zanni7@unibo.it.
2
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering-DICAM, University of Bologna, via Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy. francesco.lalli2@unibo.it.
3
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering-DICAM, University of Bologna, via Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy. eleonora.foschi3@unibo.it.
4
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering-DICAM, University of Bologna, via Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy. alessandra.bonoli@unibo.it.
5
Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering-DICAM, University of Bologna, viale del Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy. luca.mantecchini@unibo.it.

Abstract

Indoor air quality (IAQ) management in public spaces is assuming a remarkable importance. Busy environments, like airport terminals, are currently regarded as possible hotspots and IAQ is a crucial element for passengers and staff protection, as well as a key aspect of airport passenger experience. A one-month monitoring period has been performed on IAQ in the airport of Bologna (Italy), as prototypal example of large regional airport. Four strategic areas within the airport have been equipped with electronic monitoring platforms, including different contaminants and two microclimatic sensors. Data suggest that daily variation in IAQ parameters typically follow the activity pattern of the different environments under study (i.e., passengers' flows) for gaseous contaminants, where particulate matter counts oscillate in a definite range, with a significant role played by ventilation system. Gaseous contaminants show a correlation between indoor and outdoor concentrations, mainly due to airside activities. Micro-climatic comfort parameters have been tested to match with standards for commercial environments. As results appears in line with typical households IAQ values, the current air ventilation system appears to be adequate. Nevertheless, an integrated air management system, based on real-time monitoring, would lead to optimization and improvement in environmental and economical sustainability.

KEYWORDS:

airport terminal; indoor air quality; micro-climatic management

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