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Materials (Basel). 2016 Aug 11;9(8). pii: E688. doi: 10.3390/ma9080688.

Synthesis and Mechanical Characterisation of an Ultra-Fine Grained Ti-Mg Composite.

Author information

1
Department of Materials Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben, Jahnstraße 12, Leoben 8700, Austria. markus.alfreider@unileoben.ac.at.
2
Centre for Integrated Nanostructure Physics, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Suwon 16419, Korea. jiwonjeong@skku.edu.
3
Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Suwon 16419, Korea. jiwonjeong@skku.edu.
4
Department of Materials Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben, Jahnstraße 12, Leoben 8700, Austria. raphael.esterl@stud.unileoben.ac.at.
5
Department of Energy Science, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Suwon 16419, Korea. sanghooh@skku.edu.
6
Department of Materials Physics, Montanuniversität Leoben, Jahnstraße 12, Leoben 8700, Austria. daniel.kiener@unileoben.ac.at.

Abstract

The importance of lightweight materials such as titanium and magnesium in various technical applications, for example aerospace, medical implants and lightweight construction is well appreciated. The present study is an attempt to combine and improve the mechanical properties of these two materials by forming an ultra-fine grained composite. The material, with a composition of 75 vol% (88.4 wt%) Ti and 25 vol% (11.4 wt%) Mg , was synthesized by powder compression and subsequently deformed by high-pressure torsion. Using focused ion beam machining, miniaturised compression samples were prepared and tested in-situ in a scanning electron microscope to gain insights into local deformation behaviour and mechanical properties of the nanocomposite. Results show outstanding yield strength of around 1250 MPa, which is roughly 200 to 500 MPa higher than literature reports of similar materials. The failure mode of the samples is accounted for by cracking along the phase boundaries.

KEYWORDS:

composite materials; high-pressure torsion (HPT); in-situ; magnesium; microcompression; scanning electron microscopy (SEM); titanium

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