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ScientificWorldJournal. 2014 Feb 16;2014:845307. doi: 10.1155/2014/845307. eCollection 2014.

Fault location based on synchronized measurements: a comprehensive survey.

Author information

1
Saudi Electricity Company, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
2
Electrical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ; Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt.

Abstract

This paper presents a comprehensive survey on transmission and distribution fault location algorithms that utilize synchronized measurements. Algorithms based on two-end synchronized measurements and fault location algorithms on three-terminal and multiterminal lines are reviewed. Series capacitors equipped with metal oxide varistors (MOVs), when set on a transmission line, create certain problems for line fault locators and, therefore, fault location on series-compensated lines is discussed. The paper reports the work carried out on adaptive fault location algorithms aiming at achieving better fault location accuracy. Work associated with fault location on power system networks, although limited, is also summarized. Additionally, the nonstandard high-frequency-related fault location techniques based on wavelet transform are discussed. Finally, the paper highlights the area for future research.

PMID:
24701191
PMCID:
PMC3948645
DOI:
10.1155/2014/845307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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