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Sensors (Basel). 2014 Jan 2;14(1):672-90. doi: 10.3390/s140100672.

Embedded ARM system for volcano monitoring in remote areas: application to the active volcano on Deception Island (Antarctica).

Author information

1
Laboratory of Astronomy, Geodesy and Cartography, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science. Campus of Puerto Real, University of Cadiz, Puerto Real 11510, Spain. luismiguel.peci@uca.es.
2
Laboratory of Astronomy, Geodesy and Cartography, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science. Campus of Puerto Real, University of Cadiz, Puerto Real 11510, Spain. manuel.berrocoso@uca.es.
3
Laboratory of Astronomy, Geodesy and Cartography, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science. Campus of Puerto Real, University of Cadiz, Puerto Real 11510, Spain. alberto.fernandez@uca.es.
4
Institute IGEO, CSIC-UCM. J. Gutierrez Abascal, 2, Madrid 28006, Spain. alicia.g@igeo.ucm-csic.es.
5
Volcanic Hazard and Risk Consultant, Los Realejos 38410, Spain. josemarllin@gmail.com.
6
Institute IGEO, CSIC-UCM. J. Gutierrez Abascal, 2, Madrid 28006, Spain. ramon.ortiz@csic.es.

Abstract

This paper describes the development of a multi-parameter system for monitoring volcanic activity. The system permits the remote access and the connection of several modules in a network. An embedded ARM™ processor has been used, allowing a great flexibility in hardware configuration. The use of a complete Linux solution (Debian™) as Operating System permits a quick, easy application development to control sensors and communications. This provides all the capabilities required and great stability with relatively low energy consumption. The cost of the components and applications development is low since they are widely used in different fields. Sensors and commercial modules have been combined with other self-developed modules. The Modular Volcano Monitoring System (MVMS) described has been deployed on the active Deception Island (Antarctica) volcano, within the Spanish Antarctic Program, and has proved successful for monitoring the volcano, with proven reliability and efficient operation under extreme conditions. In another context, i.e., the recent volcanic activity on El Hierro Island (Canary Islands) in 2011, this technology has been used for the seismic equipment and GPS systems deployed, thus showing its efficiency in the monitoring of a volcanic crisis.

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