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Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 7;7:43372. doi: 10.1038/srep43372.

Improved Bioavailability and Antitumor Effect of Docetaxel by TPGS Modified Proniosomes: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluations.

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Murad Research Center for Modernized Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, People's Republic of China.


A novel oral drug delivery system, TPGS modified docetaxel proniosomes (DTX-TPGS-PNs), was designed to enhance the oral bioavailability and antitumor efficiency of the poorly water-soluble drug docetaxel. DTX-TPGS-PN niosomes were 93 ± 6.5 nm in size, -18.53 ± 1.65 mV in zeta potential and exhibited spherical morphology, with an encapsulation efficiency of 97.31 ± 0.60%. The system showed sustained release in both simulated gastric and intestinal fluid. The results of caco-2 monolayer, everted gut sac model and improved single-pass intestinal perfusion model transport studies showed that DTX-TPGS-PN niosomes could significantly improve the absorption of DTX. The pharmacokinetics study suggested the absolute bioavailability of DTX-TPGS-PN niosomes were 7.3 times that of DTX solution. In addition, a higher antitumor efficacy than DTX solution was demonstrated in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro and in MCF-7 tumor-bearing mice model in vivo. Our results demonstrated DTX-TPGS-PN is promising in enhancing the bioavailability and efficiency of poorly water-soluble drug DTX, and the potential of proniosomes as stable precursors for oral drug delivery.

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