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Mar Drugs. 2017 Apr 12;15(4). pii: E118. doi: 10.3390/md15040118.

Marine Microbial-Derived Molecules and Their Potential Use in Cosmeceutical and Cosmetic Products.

Author information

1
Department of Sciences and Engineering of Materials, Environment and Urbanistics, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy. c.corinaldesi@univpm.it.
2
Department of Life and Environmental Science, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy. g.barone@pm.univpm.it.
3
Ecoreach Ltd., 60131 Ancona, Italy. f.marcellini@univpm.it.
4
Department of Life and Environmental Science, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy. a.dellanno@univpm.it.
5
Stazione Zoologica Anthon Dohrn, 80121 Naples, Italy. r.danovaro@univpm.it.

Abstract

The oceans encompass a wide range of habitats and environmental conditions, which host a huge microbial biodiversity. The unique characteristics of several marine systems have driven a variety of biological adaptations, leading to the production of a large spectrum of bioactive molecules. Fungi, fungi-like protists (such as thraustochytrids) and bacteria are among the marine organisms with the highest potential of producing bioactive compounds, which can be exploited for several commercial purposes, including cosmetic and cosmeceutical ones. Mycosporines and mycosporine-like amino acids, carotenoids, exopolysaccharides, fatty acids, chitosan and other compounds from these microorganisms might represent a sustainable, low-cost and fast-production alternative to other natural molecules used in photo-protective, anti-aging and skin-whitening products for face, body and hair care. Here, we review the existing knowledge of these compounds produced by marine microorganisms, highlighting the marine habitats where such compounds are preferentially produced and their potential application in cosmetic and cosmeceutical fields.

KEYWORDS:

cosmetics and cosmeceuticals; marine bacteria; marine bioactive compounds; marine fungi

PMID:
28417932
PMCID:
PMC5408264
DOI:
10.3390/md15040118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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