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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Nov 1;9(11):3965-77. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9113965.

Carbonic anhydrase as pollution biomarker: an ancient enzyme with a new use.

Author information

1
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (Di.S.Te.B.A.), University of Salento, Via prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, Lecce 73100, Italy. giulia.lionetto@unisalento.it

Abstract

The measurement of cellular and sub-cellular responses to chemical contaminants (referred to as biomarkers) in living organisms represents a recent tool in environmental monitoring. The review focuses on carbonic anhydrase, a ubiquitous metalloenzyme which plays key roles in a wide variety of physiological processes involving CO(2) and HCO(3)(-). In the last decade a number of studies have demonstrated the sensitivity of this enzyme to pollutants such as heavy metals and organic chemicals in both humans and wildlife. The review analyses these studies and discusses the potentiality of this enzyme as novel biomarker in environmental monitoring and assessment.

PMID:
23202827
PMCID:
PMC3524608
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph9113965
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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