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Med J Malaysia. 2003 Jun;58(2):268-72.

HIV-associated risk behaviour among drug users at drug rehabilitation centres.

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AIDS/STI Unit, State Health Department of Selangor, 10th-11th Floor, Lot, 1, Wisma Masalam, Jalan Tenku Ampuan Zabedah C 9/C, 40100 Shah Alam.


A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and HIV-associated risk behavior was conducted in February 1998 among 6,324 drug users in 26 drug rehabilitation centres in Malaysia. The majority of respondents were males (97.3%) and Malays (77.8%), administered drugs intravenously (64.6%) and of these 65.4% shared needles. About 78.1% had sexual exposure, of which 55.1% had sex with girl friends, 31.3% with prostitutes and 4.6% with male partners. The HIV prevalence rate in the group was 12.1% and significantly high among injecting drug users (IDU); those sharing needles; those who started addiction at a young age (10-15 years); those who had sexual exposures and had sex with prostitutes.

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