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Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1990;53(4):206-10.

Formation of a minichromosome by excision of the proximal region of 17q in a patient with von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis.

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Institute of Medical Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


An interstitial deletion, 17cen----q11.2 (or q12), and a small extra chromosome was found in a sporadic case of von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis (NF1). In situ hybridization with a chromosome 17-specific alpha-satellite probe showed that the small chromosome was derived from the deleted region, most likely by an excision/ring formation. This chromosome rearrangement is in agreement with the localization of the von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis (NF1) locus to the proximal region of 17q, but with a more distal breakpoint than observed in two previously described reciprocal translocations associated with NF1. If the NF1 gene has been truncated by the present rearrangement, it may suggest that the NF1 gene is a very large gene at the genomic level. Alternatively, NF1 in this patient may be caused by the gradual loss in somatic cells of the small chromosome carrying an intact NF1 gene, thereby suggesting a recessive mechanism at the gene level. Finally, an intact NF1 gene may have been placed in close proximity with alpha-satellite sequences, which might cause inactivation of the gene. The small supernumerary chromosome may not only facilitate the cloning of the NF1 gene itself, but also offers explanations of the mechanism underlying development of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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