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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Dec 2;455(2):526-37.

The interaction of an anionic photoreactive probe with the anion transport system of the human red blood cell.


N-(4-azido-2-nitrophenyl)-2-aminoethyl[35S]sulfonate is employed as a photoreactive probe for the anion transport system in the human erythrocyte. In the dark and at 37 degrees C the probe penetrates the membrane via a pathway sensitive to specific inhibitors of anion permeability. It reversibly inhibits sulfate and chloride fluxes but the inhibition is reduced by higher concentrations of sulfate. Upon photolysis to produce a reactive nitrene (at 0 degrees C to minimize penetration), the probe inhibition of anion permeability. Under appropriate conditions the degree of inhibition after photoactivation (irreversible) is almost the same as that in the dark (reversible). The binding sites for the radioactive probe are largely found in proteins of 95 000 apparent molecular weight (band 3). After pronase treatment of the labelled cells, most of the probe is found in a 65 000 molecular weight segment derived from the 95 000 molecular weight protein. In this respect the photoreactive probe resembles another potent irreversible inhibitor of anion transport, 4, 4'-diisothiocyano-2, 2' stilbene disulfonate. In fact, most of the binding sites for each probe are common to both. Thus, in the dark, the azido derivative protects the anion system from inhibition by DIDS and substantially reduces the binding of DIDS to band 3 protein. Conversely, pretreatment with DIDS substantially reduces the binding of the photoreactive probe to the same protein. The fact that an apparent substrate for the anion permeation system competes for binding sites with a specific non-penetrating inhibitor of anion permeability suggests that the inhibitory and transport sites may be closely related and implicates the 95 000 molecular weight protein as the element of the anion transport system which contains the substrate binding site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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