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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 Jan;33(1):33-8.

In vitro activity of trovafloxacin against ciprofloxacin-susceptible and -resistant clinical bacterial isolates and assessment of the trovafloxacin disk test.

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1
Clinical Microbiology Institute, Wilsonville, OR 97070, USA.

Abstract

A total of 4241 consecutive clinical bacterial isolates from 10 North American medical centers were tested for susceptibility to trovafloxacin. Trovafloxacin was significantly more active than ciprofloxacin against Gram-positive bacteria, Acinetobacter spp., and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and resistance to trovafloxacin occurred in these groups only among isolates with high-level resistance (MIC > or = 16 micrograms/mL) to ciprofloxacin. With other species, the two drugs had comparable activity. Concerns about staphylococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with trovafloxacin MICs of 2.0 micrograms/mL (the upper end of the susceptible category) are discussed. Results of trovafloxacin disk diffusion test on more than 3200 nonfastidious isolates supported the FDA-approved zone size interpretive criteria when the MIC breakpoint of < or = 2.0 micrograms/mL is used to define the trovafloxacin-susceptible category.

PMID:
9990473
DOI:
10.1016/s0732-8893(98)00134-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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