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Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Feb;156(2):317-20.

B lymphocyte antigen D8/17 and repetitive behaviors in autism.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and the Seaver Autism Research Center, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029-6574, USA. e_hollander@smtplink.mssm.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Monoclonal antibody D8/17 identifies a B lymphocyte antigen with expanded expression in rheumatic fever, Sydenham's chorea, and subgroups of obsessive-compulsive disorder and Tourette's syndrome with repetitive behaviors. The authors examined the rate of D8/17 expression in children with autism and its correlation with severity of repetitive behaviors.

METHOD:

Blood samples from 18 patients with autism and 14 comparable medically ill children were evaluated for percentage of D8/17-positive B cells by immunofluorescence and for streptococcal antibodies. Severity of repetitive behaviors was also determined.

RESULTS:

The frequency of individuals with > or =11% D8/17-positive cells was significantly higher in the autistic patients (78%) than the comparison subjects (21%), severity of repetitive behaviors significantly correlated with D8/17 expression, and D8/17-positive patients had significantly higher compulsion scores than D8/17-negative patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

D8/17 expression is high in patients with autism and may serve as a marker for compulsion severity within autism.

PMID:
9989573
DOI:
10.1176/ajp.156.2.317
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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