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Cardiologia. 1998 Dec;43(12):1361-6.

[Role of hypertension in determining valvular diseases in patients with chronic uremia and dialytic treatment].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

1
Divisione di Cardiologia, Ospedale Civile, Venezia.

Abstract

Patients in chronic dialysis have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, together with higher prevalence of hypertension and valvular diseases. It is not clear whether aortic and mitral defects are linked to the effect of chronic dialysis (for instance hypercalcaemia or hyperparathyroidism) or to hypertension. In order to see whether these factors could independently affect the single valve diseases we studied 48 patients in chronic dialysis. Patients were divided into hypertensive and normotensive. A population of hypertensive and another of normotensive, non-dialyzed patients served as control. The presence of valvular disease was searched by mean of echocardiography. We also investigated the length of dialytic treatment and the levels of parathyroid hormone in order to see if any correlation with the single valve defects existed. Aortic stenosis and insufficiency were not related to hypertension suggesting that circulating factors are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of this valvulopathy (chi 2 = 6, p < 0.01 between hypertensive and normotensive in dialysis; chi 2 = 6.1, p < 0.01 between patients in dialysis and normotensive non uremic, for aortic stenosis; chi 2 = 12.1, p = 0.02 between non uremic normotensive and dialyzed, for aortic insufficiency). On the contrary for mitral regurgitation we did not find differences between dialyzed patients and controls (chi 2 = 18.2, p < 0.0001 between uremic hypertensive and controls). There was a significant difference in both groups between hypertensive and normotensive subjects suggesting that hypertension plays an important role in this valvulopathy. Mitral and aortic calcifications were more frequent in the uremic patients (55% in hypertensive uremics, 33% in normotensive uremics, 16 and 25% in non uremics).

PMID:
9988945
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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