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J Biol Chem. 1999 Feb 19;274(8):4513-20.

Mitogenic up-regulation of the PRL-1 protein-tyrosine phosphatase gene by Egr-1. Egr-1 activation is an early event in liver regeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

The cellular signals that initiate cell growth are incompletely understood. Insight could be provided by understanding the signals regulating the transcriptional induction of immediate-early genes which occurs within minutes of the growth stimulus. The expression of the PRL-1 gene, which encodes a unique nuclear protein-tyrosine phosphatase, is rapidly induced in regenerating liver and mitogen-treated cells. Transcription of the PRL-1 gene increased in the rat liver remnant within a few minutes after partial hepatectomy and largely explained the increase in steady-state PRL-1 mRNA in the first few hours posthepatectomy. Egr-1 (early growth response factor) specifically bound a region of the proximal PRL-1 promoter P1 (-99). Egr-1 binding activity was more rapidly induced in regenerating liver than mitogen-treated H35 and NIH 3T3 cells, remained elevated through 4 h posthepatectomy, and appeared to be dependent not only on new Egr-1 protein synthesis but on post-translational regulation of Egr-1. Egr-1 efficiently transactivated a PRL-1 promoter reporter construct containing an intact not mutant Egr-1 site, and the Egr-1 site largely accounted for PRL-1 gene up-regulation in response to mitogen stimulation. These data predict that Egr-1 activation is an early event in liver regeneration and mitogen-activated cells that provides a regulatory stimulus for a subset of immediate-early genes.

PMID:
9988683
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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