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Fertil Steril. 1999 Feb;71(2):249-55.

Effect of seminal oxidative stress on fertility after vasectomy reversal.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate seminal oxidative stress in men after vasectomy reversal and to determine whether seminal oxidative stress could predict fertility after vasectomy reversal.

DESIGN:

Measurement of seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in normal donors, men who were fertile after vasectomy reversal, and men who were infertile after vasectomy reversal.

SETTING:

A male infertility clinic of a tertiary care center.

PATIENT(S):

Thirty men who underwent vasectomy reversal and 17 normal donors.

INTERVENTION(S):

None.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Semen characteristics, seminal ROS, and TAC were measured with chemiluminescence assays in samples from donors and reversal patients.

RESULT(S):

Mean adjusted seminal ROS (log [ROS+1]) was higher in infertile reversal patients (2.38+/-0.25) than in normal donors (1.30+/-0.14). Seminal ROS was also higher in all (fertile and infertile reversal combined) reversal patients than in donors. Total antioxidant capacity did not differ between groups. The ROS-TAC score, a composite index of seminal oxidative stress, was a significant predictor of fertility. A ROS-TAC score of 45 or greater had a positive predictive value of 73% in predicting fertility.

CONCLUSION(S):

Seminal oxidative stress is associated with vasectomy reversal. The ROS-TAC score is a possible predictor of infertility after vasectomy reversal.

PIP:

After undergoing sterilization through vasectomy, a considerable number of men request a reversal of the procedure to restore their fertility. While advances in surgical technique have resulted in patency rates of 71-97%, there exists a 26-72% chance of persistent infertility following a reversal procedure. Knowing that oxidative stress is an important cause of male infertility, the authors explored whether such stress was found after vasectomy reversal and if a measure of oxidative stress could predict infertility after such procedures. 30 fertile and infertile men who underwent vasectomy reversal and 17 normal donors at a male infertility clinic were recruited for the study. Mean adjusted seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS) was higher among infertile reversal patients than in normal donors. Seminal ROS was also higher in all reversal patients than in donors, although total antioxidant capacity (TAC) did not differ between groups. The ROS-TAC score, a composite index of seminal oxidative stress, was a significant predictor of fertility. A ROS-TAC score of 45 or greater had a positive predictive value of 73% in predicting fertility. Seminal oxidative stress is therefore associated with vasectomy reversal and the ROS-TAC score is a possible predictor of infertility after vasectomy reversal.

PMID:
9988393
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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