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Eur J Pharmacol. 1999 Jan 22;365(2-3):309-15.

Pyrazolopyridine derivatives act as competitive antagonists of brain adenosine A1 receptors: [35S]GTPgammaS binding studies.

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  • 1Fujisawa Institute of Neuroscience, Japan.


The effects of adenosine receptor ligands and three novel pyrazolopyridine derivatives on guanosine-5'-O-(3-[35S]thio)triphosphate ([35S]GTPgammaS) binding to rat cerebral cortical membranes were examined. [35S]GTPgammaS binding was stimulated in a concentration dependent manner by several adenosine receptor agonists. The adenosine A2a receptor selective agonist, 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethylamino-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680), was ineffective confirming specificity for adenosine A1 receptor activation. 2-Chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA; 10(-7) M)-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was inhibited by xanthine and pyrazolopyridine based adenosine receptor antagonists. The concentration-response curve for CCPA-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was shifted to the right with increasing concentrations of antagonist without significant changes in maximal response. Schild analyses determined pK(B) values of 8.97, 8.88, 8.21, 8.16, 7.79 and 7.65 for 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), (R)-1-[(E)-3-(2-phenylpyrazolo[1,5a]pyridin-3-yl) acryloyl]-2-piperidine ethanol (FK453), 6-oxo-3-(2-phenylpyrazolo[1,5a]pyridin-3-yl)-1(6H)-pyridazinebutyric+ ++ acid (FK838), 9-chloro-2-(2-furyl)[1,2,4]triazolo-[1,5c]quinazolin-5-amine (CGS 15943), 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-methylxanthine (CPT) and (R)-1-[(E)-3-(2-phenylpyrazolo[1,5a]pyridin-3-yl) acryloyl]-piperidin-2-yl acetic acid (FK352), respectively. Schild slopes were close to unity, confirming that these novel pyrazolopyridine derivatives act as competitive antagonists at rat brain adenosine A1 receptors.

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