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Am J Public Health. 1999 Jan;89(1):85-7.

Sensory impairment and driving: the Blue Mountains Eye Study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sydney NSW, Australia. rebeccai@pub.health.usyd.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the associations between vision, hearing, loss, and car accidents.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey of 3654 people aged 49 years and older in the Blue Mountains, Australia, was used. Each subject had a detailed eye examination and interview.

RESULTS:

Self-reported car accident rates in the past year among 2379 current drivers were 5.6% for those aged 49 to 79 years and 9.1% for those 80 years and older. A 2-line difference in visual acuity was associated with increased risk of accidents (adjusted prevalence ratio [PR] = 1.6), as was visual acuity worse than 6/18 in the right eye (PR = 2.0), overall moderate hearing loss (PR = 1.9), and hearing loss in the right ear (PR = 1.8).

CONCLUSIONS:

Sensory loss in drivers may be an important risk factor for car accidents.

PMID:
9987472
PMCID:
PMC1508504
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.89.1.85
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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