Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Pathol. 1976 Dec;85(3):675-84.

Occurrence of human pancreatic polypeptide in pancreatic endocrine tumors. Possible implication in the watery diarrhea syndrome.


Eighteen endocrine pancreatic tumors were examined for the occurrence of cells producing insulin, glucagon, gastrin, human pancreatic polypeptide (HPP), and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and for A1 cells. More than half of the tumors were mixed, i.e., they contained more than one type of hormone-producing cell. The clinical symptoms were attributable only to one of the hormones produced by the mixed tumors. Three of four tumors causing the watery diarrhea syndrome contained both VIP and HPP cells. In one such tumor there was a strong predominance of HPP cells; the serum HPP levels of this patient were a thousandfold elevated, whereas her VIP levels were within the normal range. Several lines of evidence point to HPP as a possible agent causing the watery diarrhea syndrome. In many of our patients, HPP cells hyperplasia was present in the extratumoral pancreas. Such hyperplasia may give rise to the raised serum HPP levels seen in many patients having endocrine pancreatic tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center