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Virology. 1999 Feb 15;254(2):226-34.

Subtype G and multiple forms of A/G intersubtype recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in Nigeria.

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The Henry M. Jackson Foundation, 1600 East Gude Drive, Rockville, Maryland, 20850, USA.


Multiple human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genetic subtypes, intersubtype recombinants, and group O have been found in west central Africa. In Nigeria, where HIV-1 prevalence is rising rapidly, characterization of HIV-1 strains has been limited. Each of three full-length genome sequences acquired to date shows evidence of recombination: two are largely subtype G with subtype A segments in the midgenome accessory region; the third, IbNG, is subtype G with the long terminal repeats and two segments of pol from subtype A. In this study, peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained in 1994-1995 from 10 patients hospitalized in northeastern Nigeria were evaluated by sequencing of the complete envelope and, from 7 patients, a portion of gag. Four patients harbored subtype G viruses and six patients had recombinant viruses. Two had strains sharing the A/G recombinant structure of IbNG. Two had a previously undescribed recombinant, mostly subtype A, whose carboxyl-terminal gp41 could not be classified. An A/G recombinant different from IbNG but similar to CA1, a Cameroonian strain, was found in one patient. The remaining patient had a strain that was otherwise subtype G but shared an unclassified carboxyl-terminal gp41 segment with the CA1-like strains. Other subtypes and group O were not found.

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