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J Med Chem. 1999 Feb 11;42(3):490-6.

1-aryl-4-[(5-methoxy-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)alkyl]piperazines and their analogues: influence of the stereochemistry of the tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl nucleus on 5-HT1A receptor affinity and selectivity versus alpha1 and D2 receptors. 5.

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Dipartimento Farmaco-Chimico, Università di Bari, via Orabona, 4, 70126 Bari, Italy.


Some 1-aryl-4-[(5-methoxy-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)-n-propyl]piperazines and their alkylamino and alkylamido analogues, previously studied as 5-HT1A ligands, were prepared in enantiomerically pure form, and their absolute configuration was determined by chemical correlation or by chiroptical properties. They were evaluated for in vitro 5-HT1A, D2, and alpha1 receptor affinity by radioligand binding assays, to study the influence of the chiral carbon atom of the tetrahydronaphthalene nucleus on the 5-HT1A affinity and selectivity. Results indicated that, as regarding the 5-HT1A receptor affinity, there was no difference in affinity between (-)- and (+)-enantiomers as well as the racemate of each compound. The stereochemistry, instead, influenced the selectivity: all (-)-enantiomers displayed affinity values higher than those of (+)-isomers at D2 receptors, and conversely, all (+)-enantiomers displayed affinity values higher than those of (-)-isomers at alpha1 receptors. As a result of this trend, it is not possible to predict the isomer with a better selectivity profile. However, compounds (S)-(+)-2, (S)-(+)-4, and (R)-(+)-6 displayed high affinity for the 5-HT1A receptor (IC50 values ranging between 7.0 and 2.3 nM) and good selectivity (>/=250-fold) versus both D2 and alpha1 receptors. Furthermore, compounds (S)-(+)-4 and (R)-(-)-4 were submitted to the [35S]GTPgammaS binding assay for a preliminary evaluation of their intrinsic activity on the 5-HT1A receptor.

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