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Biochem J. 1975 Sep;149(3):609-17.

Purification of 2-oxoaldehyde dehydrogenase and its dependence on unusual amines.


1. 2-Oxoaldehyde dehydrogenase was purified from sheep liver and gave one band on polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. 2. The enzyme was completely dependent for its activity on the presence of Tris or one of a number of related amines, all of general structure: (See article). When more than one R group was hydrogen no enzyme activity was observed. 3. Only one of these amines is known to exist in living tissues and large concentrations of all amines were required for maximum activity. L-2-Aminopropan-1-ol was the most effective amine on the basis of substrate Km and Vmax. values and the amine Km values. 4. The enzyme was activated by phosphate which lowered the Km values for methylglyoxal, amine and NAD+. 5. The pH optimum of the enzyme was 9.3 and there was no activity at pH values below 7.8. A search for activators that might produce activity at pH 7.4 proved unsuccessful. 6. The enzyme was inhibited by rather large concentrations of barbiturates (6-46 mM) and nitro-alcohol analogues of the activating amines (66-139 mM).

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