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J Mol Biol. 1999 Feb 19;286(2):465-74.

The first gene in the biosynthesis of the polyketide antibiotic TA of Myxococcus xanthus codes for a unique PKS module coupled to a peptide synthetase.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.

Abstract

The polyketide antibiotic TA is synthesized by the Gram negative bacterium Myxococcus xanthus in a multi-step process in which a unique glycine-derived molecule is used as a starter unit and elongated through the condensation of 11 acetate molecules by polyketide synthases (PKSs). Analysis of a 7.2 kb DNA fragment, encoding the protein that carries out the first condensation step, revealed that the fragment constitutes a single open reading frame, referred to as Ta1, which lacks the 5' and 3' ends and displays two regions of similarity to other proteins. The first 1020 amino acid residues at the N terminus of the polypeptide are similar to sequences of the large family of enzymes encoding peptide synthetases. They are followed by a second region displaying a high degree of similarity to type I PKS genes. The genetic analysis of this open reading frame is compatible with the proposed chemical structure of TA. The data indicate that the genes encoding TA have a modular gene organization, typical of a type I PKS system. The unusual feature of Ta1 is that the first PKS module of TA resides on the same polypeptide as the peptide synthetase functional unit.

PMID:
9973564
DOI:
10.1006/jmbi.1998.2478
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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