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J Mol Biol. 1999 Feb 19;286(2):307-14.

Phosphorylation of either crh or HPr mediates binding of CcpA to the bacillus subtilis xyn cre and catabolite repression of the xyn operon.

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Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Protéines, CNRS UPR 412, Lyon Cedex 07, F-69367, France.


Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) of several Bacillus subtilis catabolic genes is mediated by ATP-dependent phosphorylation of Ser46 of the histidine-containing protein (HPr), a phosphocarrier protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP): sugar phosphotransferase system. A recently discovered HPr-like protein of B. subtilis, Crh, cannot be phosphorylated by PEP and enzyme I but becomes phosphorylated at Ser46 by the ATP-dependent, metabolite-activated HPr kinase. Genetic data suggested that Crh is also implicated in CCR. We here demonstrate that in a ptsH1 crh1 mutant, in which Ser46 of both HPr and Crh is replaced with an alanyl residue, expression of the beta-xylosidase-encoding xynB gene was completely relieved from CCR. No effect on CCR could be observed in strains carrying the crh1 allele, suggesting that under the experimental conditions P-Ser-HPr can substitute for P-Ser-Crh in CCR. By contrast, a ptsH1 mutant was slightly relieved from CCR of xynB, indicating that P-Ser-Crh can substitute only partly for P-Ser-HPr. Mapping experiments allowed us to identify the xyn promoter and a catabolite responsive element (cre) located 229 bp downstream of the transcription start point. Using DNase I footprinting experiments, we could demonstrate that similar to P-Ser-HPr, P-Ser-Crh stimulates binding of CcpA to the xyn cre. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate was found to strongly enhance binding of the P-Ser-HPr/CcpA and P-Ser-Crh/CcpA complexes to the xyn cre, but had no effect on binding of CcpA alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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