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J Immunol. 1999 Feb 15;162(4):2087-94.

Mitogen-activated protein kinase activation through Fc epsilon receptor I and stem cell factor receptor is differentially regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and calcineurin in mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells.

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Division of Basic Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, CO 80206, USA.


Aggregation of high affinity FcR for IgE (Fc epsilon RI) on mast cells activates intracellular signal transduction pathways, including the activation of protein tyrosine kinases, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase), and protein kinase C. Binding of stem cell factor (SCF) to its receptor (SCFR, c-Kit) on mast cells also induces increases in intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and activation of PI3-kinase. Although ligation of both receptors induces Ras and Raf-1 activation, the downstream consequences of these early activation events are not well defined, except for the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK). Addition of Ag (OVA) to mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) sensitized with anti-OVA IgE triggers the activation of three members of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family, c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK), p38 MAP kinase (p38), and extracellular signal-regulated kinases. SCF similarly activates all three MAP kinases. Wortmannin, an inhibitor of PI3-kinase, inhibited both Fc epsilon RI- and SCFR-mediated JNK activation and partially inhibited Fc epsilon RI, but not SCFR-mediated p38 activation. Cyclosporin A inhibited Fc epsilon RI-mediated JNK and p38 activation, but did not affect the activation of these kinases when stimulated through the SCFR. Wortmannin and cyclosporin A inhibited Fc epsilon RI-mediated production of TNF-alpha and IL-4 in addition to serotonin release in BMMC. These results indicate that both PI3-kinase and calcineurin may contribute to the regulation of cytokine gene transcription and the degranulation response by modulating JNK activity in BMMC.

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