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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1999 Jan;62(1):103-10.

Lorazepam attenuates the behavioral effects of dizocilpine.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA.


To characterize the potential interaction between the excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter systems, the effects of dizocilpine, CPP, and lorazepam on open-field behavior and pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures were evaluated in mice. Dizocilpine (0.01-0.1 mg/kg), CPP (1-10 mg/kg), or vehicle was administered intraperitoneally 15 min prior to lorazepam (0.2-2 mg/kg) or vehicle. Behavioral monitoring began 25 min after the lorazepam injection. Upon completion of testing, unrestrained mice were infused intravenously with pentylenetetrazole until the onset of a full tonic-clonic seizure. The highest dose of dizocilpine by itself significantly increased the average distance traveled, the number of rears, and the number of stereotypies during the test period. Lorazepam alone dose dependently decreased activity on all behavioral parameters. Lorazepam also completely antagonized the hyperactivity produced by dizocilpine when the two compounds were coadministered. This antagonism is most likely due to an interaction in the regulation of dopaminergic tone which underlies motor activity. Lorazepam exerted a dose-dependent anticonvulsant effect. Dizocilpine alone had no effect on seizure induction and did not potentiate the anticonvulsive effect of lorazepam when coadministered with lorazepam. CPP reduced the number of rears and the number of stereotypies during the test period. CPP did not alter the pentylenetetrazol-induced seizure threshold and did not influence the anticonvulsant effect of lorazepam.

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