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Adv Dent Res. 1998 Nov;12(2):152-8.

Tetracyclines inhibit protein glycation in experimental diabetes.

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1
Department of Oral Biology and Pathology, School of Dental Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook 11794-8702, USA.

Abstract

Glycation of proteins, which is accelerated in the diabetic state, has been implicated in many of the long-term complications of diabetes. This process can be inhibited by members of the tetracycline family of compounds. This novel finding is supported by studies conducted on drug (streptozotocin)induced Type I and genetic (ZDF/Gmi-fa/fa) Type II diabetic rats. These animals were orally gavaged daily with 5 mg of doxycycline and a variety of non-antimicrobial chemically modified tetracycline derivatives for time periods of 3 weeks to 11 months, while control untreated diabetic and nondiabetic animals were gavaged with vehicle alone (2% CMC). Blood and tissue samples were collected and analyzed for glucose and glycated proteins. None of the treatments had any effect on the severity of hyperglycemia or the intracellular glycation of hemoglobin of either Type I or II diabetic animals. However, the tetracycline analogues did affect the extracellular glycation of several proteins such as those found in the serum as well as skin collagen. In the Type II (ZDF) animals, initial mortality (3-5 months) was seen only in the doxycycline-treated animals, associated with infection by tetracycline-resistant micro-organisms, which was eventually surpassed by mortality rates in the untreated diabetics (6-9 months). CMT treatment not only decreased mortality but also increased longevity in the Type II diabetic animals, most likely by preventing the development of a number of long-term complications of uncontrolled diabetes, including glycation of proteins, that eventually lead to the demise of untreated diabetic animals.

PMID:
9972141
DOI:
10.1177/08959374980120011201
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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